Copyrighted © 1996 Prometheus Nemesis Book Company.
Of the four aspects of strategic analysis and definition it is the contingency planning or entailment organizing role that reaches the highest development in INTJs. Entailing or
contingency planning is not an informative activity, rather it is a directive one in which the planner tells others what to do and in what order to do it. As the organizing capabilities
the INTJs increase so does their inclination to take charge of whatever is going on.
It is in their abilities that INTJs differ from the other NTs, while in most of their attitudes they are just like the others. However there is one attitude that sets them apart from other
NTs: they tend to be much more self-confident than the rest, having, for obscure reasons, developed a very strong will. They are rather rare, comprising no more than, say, one
percent of the population. Being very judicious, decisions come naturally to them; indeed, they can hardly rest until they have things settled, decided, and set. They are the people
who are able to formulate coherent and comprehensive contingency plans, hence contingency organizers or "entailers."
INTJs will adopt ideas only if they are useful, which is to say if they work efficiently toward accomplishing the INTJ's well-defined goals. Natural leaders, INTJs are not at all
eager to take command of projects or groups, preferring to stay in the background until others demonstrate their inability to lead. Once in charge, however, INTJs are the supreme
pragmatists, seeing reality as a crucible for refining their strategies for goal-directed action. In a sense, INTJs approach reality as they would a giant chess board, always seeking
strategies that have a high payoff, and always devising contingency plans in case of error or adversity. To the INTJ, organizational structure and operational procedures are never
arbitrary, never set in concrete, but are quite malleable and can be changed, improved, streamlined. In their drive for efficient action, INTJs are the most open-minded of all the
types. No idea is too far-fetched to be entertained-if it is useful. INTJs are natural brainstormers, always open to new concepts and, in fact, aggressively seeking them. They are
also alert to the consequences of applying new ideas or positions. Theories which cannot be made to work are quickly discarded by the INTJs. On the other hand, INTJs can be
quite ruthless in implementing effective ideas, seldom counting personal cost in terms of time and energy.
Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Judging
by Marina Margaret Heiss
Date of Revision: 7 Dec 1999
To outsiders, INTJs may appear to project an aura of "definiteness", of self-confidence. This self-confidence, sometimes mistaken for simple
arrogance by the less decisive, is actually of a very specific rather than a general nature; its source lies in the specialized knowledge systems that
most INTJs start building at an early age. When it comes to their own areas of expertise -- and INTJs can have several -- they will be able to tell
you almost immediately whether or not they can help you, and if so, how. INTJs know what they know, and perhaps still more importantly, they
know what they don't know.
INTJs are perfectionists, with a seemingly endless capacity for improving upon anything that takes their interest. What prevents them from
becoming chronically bogged down in this pursuit of perfection is the pragmatism so characteristic of the type: INTJs apply (often ruthlessly) the
criterion "Does it work?" to everything from their own research efforts to the prevailing social norms. This in turn produces an unusual
independence of mind, freeing the INTJ from the constraints of authority, convention, or sentiment for its own sake.
INTJs are known as the "Systems Builders" of the types, perhaps in part because they possess the unusual trait combination of imagination and
reliability. Whatever system an INTJ happens to be working on is for them the equivalent of a moral cause to an INFJ; both perfectionism and
disregard for authority may come into play, as INTJs can be unsparing of both themselves and the others on the project. Anyone considered to be
"slacking," including superiors, will lose their respect -- and will generally be made aware of this; INTJs have also been known to take it upon
themselves to implement critical decisions without consulting their supervisors or co-workers. On the other hand, they do tend to be scrupulous and
even-handed about recognizing the individual contributions that have gone into a project, and have a gift for seizing opportunities which others
might not even notice.
In the broadest terms, what INTJs "do" tends to be what they "know". Typical INTJ career choices are in the sciences and engineering, but they can
be found wherever a combination of intellect and incisiveness are required (e.g., law, some areas of academia). INTJs can rise to management
positions when they are willing to invest time in marketing their abilities as well as enhancing them, and (whether for the sake of ambition or the
desire for privacy) many also find it useful to learn to simulate some degree of surface conformism in order to mask their inherent
Personal relationships, particularly romantic ones, can be the INTJ's Achilles heel. While they are capable of caring deeply for others (usually a
select few), and are willing to spend a great deal of time and effort on a relationship, the knowledge and self-confidence that make them so
successful in other areas can suddenly abandon or mislead them in interpersonal situations.
This happens in part because many INTJs do not readily grasp the social rituals; for instance, they tend to have little patience and less
understanding of such things as small talk and flirtation (which most types consider half the fun of a relationship). To complicate matters, INTJs
are usually extremely private people, and can often be naturally impassive as well, which makes them easy to misread and misunderstand. Perhaps
the most fundamental problem, however, is that INTJs really want people to make sense. :-) This sometimes results in a peculiar naivete', paralleling
that of many Fs -- only instead of expecting inexhaustible affection and empathy from a romantic relationship, the INTJ will expect inexhaustible
reasonability and directness.
Probably the strongest INTJ assets in the interpersonal area are their intuitive abilities and their willingness to "work at" a relationship. Although as
Ts they do not always have the kind of natural empathy that many Fs do, the Intuitive function can often act as a good substitute by synthesizing the
probable meanings behind such things as tone of voice, turn of phrase, and facial expression. This ability can then be honed and directed by
consistent, repeated efforts to understand and support those they care about, and those relationships which ultimately do become established with an
INTJ tend to be characterized by their robustness, stability, and good communications.
Your Type is
Strength of the preferences %
Qualitative analysis of your type formula
moderately expressed introvert
distinctively expressed intuitive personality
slightly expressed thinking personality
moderately expressed judging personality